Blepharoplasty (eyelid) Surgery, Forehead and Brow Lift
The eyes account for a large part of the expression of the human face; they project an array of emotions including happiness sorrow and fear. Yet the eyes themselves are virtually expressionless structures. ft is the contour of the skin – the tissue, muscle fat, hair and lashes around the eyes – that conveys expression. Wrinkles and deep lines as well as puffiness of the lids begin to develop with the passage of time.
Exposure to the sun arid genetic predisposition can also be contributing factors. The result can be marked changes in expression causing a tired and/or older appearance. These physical changes can produce anxiety and actual visual impairment. Today, several remarkable surgical techniques including blepharoplasty, forehead and brow lift, have been developed to eliminate many of these problems.
Blepharoplasty (eyelid surgery) can correct sagging eyelids pouches beneath the eyes and excess folds around the eyes. This surgical procedure involves the removal of excess skin and fat on upper and lower eyelids and is often done in conjunction with other surgical procedures including facelift, eyebrow and forehead lift.
Brow and forehead lifts are designed to raise eyebrows and reduce ridges and furrows on the forehead, thus creating a smoother, more youthful appearance. As with blepharoplasty, this procedure is frequently done in conjunction with other surgeries.
Blepharoplasty (eyelid surgery)
Before Eyelid Surgery
Prior to eyelid surgery, a complete medical history is taker in order to evaluate the general health of the patient. Los Angele and Beverly Hills Blepharoplsty specialist Dr. Salvado will conduct a thorough examination of the eyes and face is made to determine the most effective surgical approach. The amount, distribution and type of excess skin to be removed is carefully noted. Dr. Salvado will describe the anesthesia to be used, the procedure, what results might realistically be expected, and possible risks and complications. An examination by an ophthalmologist may be recommended. Preoperative directions may include the elimination of certain drugs that contain aspirin in order to minimize the possibility of increased bleeding. Antibiotics may be prescribed for a few days prior to surgery to prevent infection. The areas to be excised are marked and photographs are usually taken before and after surgery in order to evaluate the final results.
Blepharoplasty can be performed in a physicians office, an outpatient surgical facility or a hospital, depending upon the surgeons
and patient’s preference. Eyelid surgery can be done under general anesthesia with the patient asleep, or under local anesthesia in which the area is numbed and the patient remains awake. Prior to surgery, premedication to relax the patient is administered. The surgeon, following natural lutes and creases, makes very fine incisions from the inner to the outer edge of the eyelid. The upper eyelid is worked on first with the incision made in the fold of the lid. On the lower eyelid, the incision is made directly below the eyelash (Fig. A) or in the conjunctive (the pink lining of the inner eyelid). Excess fat and skin are then removed from the underlying compartments. The amount of fat excised is determined by the degree of protrusion of fat when pressure is gently applied to the area. Small sutures are used to close the incision and special ointments and dressings may be applied. The procedure can take from one to two hours de pending upon the extent of the surgery.
Transconjunctival Blepharoplsty (eyelid surgery)
Transconjunctival Blepharoplasty (eyelid surgery), may be performed for patients that have fat deposits below their lower eyelid but do not need skin removed. All incisions are made inside the lower eyelid and the fat is then removed. Small sutures are used to close the incision and no visible scar is left. This Transconjunctival Blepharoplsty procedure is usually performed on patients with more elastic skin.
Forehead and brow lift surgery
A forehead and brow lift can also be performed in either a hospital or office setting using a local or general anesthesia. An incision is made across the top of the head from the front of one ear to the front of the other ear. (Fig. B) This incision is made deep within the frontal hairline in order to hide the resulting sear. The forehead acid brows are elevated and excess skin is removed. The flap is then sutured.
Some patients may benefit from an endoscopic browlift. The endoscope is inserted into smaller incisions in the hairline to elevate the brows.
Following Eyelid Surgery
Antibiotics may be continued for several days following your eyelid surgery. Some swelling and bruising occur but subside in a few days. The physician may prescribe ice compresses and/or eye exercises to reduce swelling and regain mobility. Women may be allowed to use eye makeup ten days to two weeks after surgery but are cautioned to cleanse the area thoroughly after each use. The physician determines when normal activities can be resumed; however, strenuous exercise must be avoided for several weeks following blepharoplsty surgery.
After Blepharoplasty (eyelid surgery),if excessive drying of the eyes occurs, this condition can be alleviated with medication. There may be sensitivity to bright light and wind in which case the use of dark glasses is indicated. Sensory changes such as numbness and itching may occur during the healing process. Final evaluation may not be possible for several months following surgery.
Complications connected with brow and forehead lift are relatively few and minor; however, there are certain inherent risks connected with every cosmetic and plastic surgery procedure which should be thoroughly discussed with the physician. Patients can minimize complications by carefully following directions given by the physician.