What is Vocal Cord Hemorrhaging?

Don’t Wait for Your Symptoms to Get Worse! See An ENT


What is Vocal Cord Hemorrhaging?If you have ever experienced a hoarse voice for an extended period, you may be wondering what is causing it. Many people assume that it is simply due to a cold or the flu, but in some cases, it may be something more serious – such as vocal cord hemorrhage. We will discuss what vocal cord hemorrhaging is, its symptoms, and how to treat it.

What is Vocal Cord Hemorrhaging?

The vocal cords are the two tissue bands found inside your larynx (voice box). They produce sound when air passes over them. The opening for this airflow may be reduced or completely closed off due to swelling, growths, or excess mucus, which prevents proper breathing and speaking.

Inflammation of the vocal cords may also occur, which then causes bleeding. Vocal cord hemorrhaging occurs when one or both rupture and cause internal bleeding. It is a severe condition and, if not treated, can cause permanent damage to your voice and even death in the most severe cases.

Symptoms

The usual symptoms of vocal cord hemorrhaging are hoarseness, pain, difficulty breathing and swallowing, and choking while trying to eat or drink due to lack of air passage through the larynx. The voice may become weak and husky because there is less airflow over the vocal cords due to blood collecting at the particular place. There will be no sound during the speech if either one or both of the cords collapse entirely.

Treatment

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, you need to visit your ENT doctor immediately. After examination, the doctor can recommend some of the below forms of treatment:

  • A Chest X-Ray
    First, a chest X-ray is done to rule out lung cancer if your hemorrhaging is due to smoking or other inhalation of smoke which causes irritation and coughing, thus leading to bleeding. It helps determine the extent of the hemorrhaging and whether there is any associated damage to the lungs.
  • Voice and Speech Therapy for Recovery of Voice
    Use of speech therapy can help regain normal speech. It should be done by a trained therapist who will use the correct techniques that the patient requires to use their voice normally again. The patient may require surgery in some cases, depending on how severe it is and what caused it to happen.
  • Laser Surgery for Vocal Cord Hemorrhaging
    Laser surgery can also be used for this condition if medication fails to work correctly. It uses an intense beam of red light through a flexible tube attached to the throat. The tube is passed through the mouth while under anesthesia to cut back on any discomfort during the procedure.

Prevention of Vocal Cord Hemorrhaging

Do not strain your voice when speaking or singing. Before using it for an extended period, have a warm up so that larynx muscles and cords do not become strained and tendons and ligaments in them do not tear. Drink lots of non-caffeinated fluids to stay hydrated.

Vocal cord hemorrhaging is usually fairly easy to treat, but it can be severe if not treated quickly. If you are experiencing any of the previously mentioned symptoms, seek medical attention immediately. Prevention of this condition is ideal and necessary to maintain your voice’s health.

About Westside Head & Neck

The board-certified ENT doctors of Westside Head & Neck treat all general conditions of the ear, nose, and throat. Every doctor under Westside Head & Neck has extensive training in the treatment of:

  •         Sinus issues
  •         Voice and swallowing disorders
  •         Advanced head & neck surgical oncology
  •         Hearing and ear problems
  •         Plastic surgery

Even more serious conditions such as neck, mouth, and throat cancer can also be diagnosed and operated on by ENTs. We accept most PPO insurance plans, Medicare, and select HMO’s to keep hearing, swallowing, and breathing relief open to more Los Angelenos. Our two offices are located in Santa Monica and Culver City. To set up an appointment to discuss your ENT issues with any of our physicians at either location, please call (310) 361-5128 or email appointments@westsidehn.com.


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Voice & Swallowing Disorders


What is Vocal Cord Hemorrhaging?Philosophy
At Westside Head and Neck, we will provide you with expert, state-of-the art care for voice, swallowing, and airway disorders. We believe in a multidisciplinary approach involving medical treatment, minimally-invasive surgery when necessary, and voice therapy.

Services
We offer specialized diagnostic tools and therapy for people with voice problems caused by benign growths or lesions (nodules, polyps, cysts, papillomas, granulomas, vascular lesions, scar or sulcus), chronic or acute laryngitis, the aging voice, spasmodic dysphonia, vocal cord paralysis, muscle tension dysphonia, laryngopharyngeal reflux, cancer of the larynx, and neurologic conditions affecting the larynx. We care for professional voice users, including singers, actors, teachers, and attorneys. For patients with breathing or swallowing problems, we provide diagnostic and therapeutic strategies.

Patient Care
Patients receive a comprehensive evaluation of vocal function including analysis of speech and voice quality and videostroboscopic examination of the larynx. Laryngeal Videostroboscopy is a routine, non-painful component of this evaluation and allows the physician to assess the laryngeal anatomy, pliability of the vocal folds, and motion of the vocal cords. This can be done using a rigid or flexible endoscope, and topical anesthetic is routinely used. After the evaluation, a management and treatment plan is developed with the patient. This may include in-office procedures, medication, voice therapy, or surgery.

Common Voice and Larynx Conditions

  • Chronic sore throat
  • Cough
  • Hoarseness
  • Laryngopharyngeal Reflux Disease (LPR) & GERD
  • Laryngitis
  • Reactive vocal cord lesion
  • Spasmodic dysphonia
  • Swallowing disorders
  • Vocal cord cysts/nodules/polyps
  • Vocal cord paralysis

Treatments

  • Voice rest
  • Speech / Voice therapy & practices
  • Reflux medicines & lifestyle modifications
  • Vocal cord nodule, polyp and cysts removal
  • Vocal cord medialization
  • Tracheotomy
  • Voice prosthesis
  • Antibiotics
  • Flexible fiberoptic laryngoscopy
  • Vocal cord injections

I am so grateful that I found Dr. Salvado. I’m a voice over actor who sings at church on the weekends so when my voice started to go on the fritz I was absolutely panicked. Dr. Salvado took one easy look (no tube up the nose and down the throat!! My first time not being scoped for vocal issues!!) and quickly saw what the problem was. Following her plan for rehabilitation for me, my voice is back to fully functioning and even clearer than before I started having issues. I’m so happy I found Dr. Salvado, laryngologists are hard to come by and she’s excellent. I highly recommend her!show lessAnastasia C. · February 4, 2020 via Zocdoc

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